Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball league, consisting of teams that play in the American League and the National League. The two leagues merged in 2000 into a single organization led by the Commissioner of Baseball, after 100 years as separate legal entities. MLB constitutes one of the major professional sports leagues of the United States and Canada. It is composed of 30 teams — 29 in the United States and 1 in Canada.
Major League BaseballMonopoliesMajor League BaseballProfessional sports leagues in CanadaOrganizations established in 1869Baseball leagues in the United StatesProfessional sports leagues in the United StatesBaseball governing bodies in the United States
Baseball is a bat-and-ball sport played between two teams of nine players each. The aim is to score runs by hitting a thrown ball with a bat and touching a series of four bases arranged at the corners of a ninety-foot diamond. Players on the batting team take turns hitting against the pitcher of the fielding team, which tries to stop them from scoring runs by getting hitters out in any of several ways.
BaseballOlympic sportsBall and bat gamesBaseballTeam sportsBall games1846 introductionsSports originating in the United States
Minor league baseball
Part of the History of baseball series. Title=Minor league baseball;ns=0/Main/;language:wiki=en,locale=en 150pxMinor League Baseball logoSport BaseballFounded 1869No. of teams 240Country(ies) United StatesCanadaMexicoDominican RepublicVenezuelaPuerto Rico [Puerto Rico is not a country - it is part of the United States]Most recent champion(s) variousOfficial website minorleaguebaseball.
Minor league baseballProfessional sports leaguesMinor league baseballOrganizations established in 1901History of baseball
National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum
The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum is an American history museum and hall of fame, located at 25 Main Street in Cooperstown, New York and operated by private interests. It serves as the central point for the study of the history of baseball in the United States and beyond, displays baseball-related artifacts and exhibits, and honors those who have excelled in playing, managing, and serving the sport.
National Baseball Hall of Fame and MuseumMuseums in Otsego County, New YorkHalls of fame in New YorkOrganizations established in 1936National Baseball Hall of FameNational halls of fame in the United StatesSports museums in New YorkBaseball museums and halls of fame
In baseball, a run is scored when a player advances around first, second and third base and returns safely to home plate, touching the bases in that order, before three outs are recorded and all obligations to reach base safely on batted balls are met or assured. A player may score by hitting a home run or by any combination of plays that puts him safely "on base" (that is, on first, second, or third) as a runner and subsequently brings him home.
Run (baseball)Baserunning statisticsBaseball rulesScoringBaseball terminology
In baseball, the field manager (commonly referred to as the manager) is an individual who is responsible for matters of team strategy on the field and team leadership. Managers are typically assisted by between one and six assistant coaches, whose responsibilities are specialized. A manager is essentially equivalent to the head coach in other North American professional sports leagues.
Manager (baseball)Baseball occupationsBaseball managersBaseball strategySports coachesBaseball coaches
Baseball is a team sport which is played by several professional leagues throughout the world. In these leagues, and associated farm teams, players are selected for their talents and are paid to play for a specific team or club system.
Professional baseballBaseballBaseball leagues
Major League Baseball All-Star Game
The Major League Baseball All-Star Game, also known as the "Midsummer Classic", is an annual baseball game between players from the National League and the American League, currently selected by a combination of fans, players, coaches, and managers. The All-Star Game usually occurs on the second Tuesday in July and marks the symbolic halfway point in the Major League Baseball (MLB) season (though not the mathematical halfway point; in most seasons, that actually takes place one week earlier).
Major League Baseball All-Star GameMajor League Baseball All-Star GameAll-star gamesRecurring sporting events established in 1933
The International League (IL) is a minor league baseball league that operates in the eastern United States. Like the Pacific Coast League and the Mexican League, it plays at the Triple-A level, which is one step below Major League Baseball. It was so named because it had teams in both the United States and Canada (and for several years in the 1950s in Cuba as well).
International LeagueMinor baseball leagues in the United StatesOrganizations established in 1885International League
College baseball is baseball that is played on the intercollegiate level at institutions of higher education. Compared to football and basketball, college competition in the United States plays a less significant contribution to cultivating professional players, as the minor leagues primarily fulfill that role. Unlike football and basketball, players do not have to go to college to turn professional.
College baseballCollege baseball in the United States
In baseball, a number of coaches assist in the smooth functioning of a team. They are assistants to the manager, or head coach, who determines the lineup and decides how to substitute players during the game. Beyond the manager, more than a half dozen coaches may assist the manager in running the team. Baseball is unique in that the manager and coaches typically all wear numbered uniforms similar to those of the players.
Coach (baseball)Baseball coachesBaseball occupationsSports coaches
A center fielder, abbreviated CF, is the outfielder in baseball who plays defense in center field – the baseball fielding position between left field and right field. In the numbering system used to record defensive plays, the center fielder is assigned the number 8.
Center fielderSoftballBaseball positions
In baseball, a pinch hitter is a substitute batter. Batters can be substituted at any time while the ball is dead (not in active play); the manager may use any player that has not yet entered the game as a substitute. Unlike basketball, American football, or ice hockey, baseball does not have a "free substitution rule" and thus the replaced player in baseball is never allowed back into that game. The pinch hitter assumes the spot in the batting order of the player he replaces.
Pinch hitterBaseball positionsBaseball terminologyBatting (baseball)
In baseball statistics, slugging percentage (abbreviated SLG) is a popular measure of the power of a hitter. It is calculated as total bases divided by at bats: where AB is the number of at-bats for a given player, and 1B, 2B, 3B, and HR are the number of singles, doubles, triples, and home runs, respectively. Walks are specifically excluded from this calculation. For example, in 1920, Babe Ruth played his first season for the New York Yankees.
Slugging percentageBaseball terminologyBatting statistics
"Professional football" redirects here. For American and Canadian codes of football, see Professional football (gridiron). Professional sports, as opposed to amateur sports, are sports in which athletes receive payment for their performance. Professional athleticism has come to the fore through a combination of developments. Mass media and increased leisure have brought larger audiences, so that sports organizations or teams can command large incomes.
Professional sportsIndustriesSports businessSports culture
Triple-A (or Class AAA) refers to the highest level of play in minor league baseball in the United States and Mexico.
Triple-A (baseball)Pacific Coast LeagueMinor league baseballInternational League
Eastern League (baseball)
The Eastern League is a minor league baseball league, which operates primarily in the northeastern United States, although it has had a team in Ohio since 1989. The Eastern League has played at the AA (Double-A) level since 1963. The league was founded in 1923, as the New York-Pennsylvania League. In 1936, the first team outside of the two original states was created, when the York White Roses of York, Pennsylvania moved to Trenton, New Jersey and renamed the Trenton Senators.
Eastern League (baseball)Eastern League (baseball)Minor baseball leagues in the United StatesOrganizations established in 1923
Baseball America is a sports magazine which covers baseball at every level, with a particular focus on up-and-coming players in high school, college, Japan, and the minor leagues. It is currently published in the form of a bi-weekly newspaper, five annual reference book titles, a weekly podcast, and a website. It also regularly produces lists of the top prospects in the sport, and covers aspects of the game from a player-development point of view.
Baseball AmericaPublications established in 1980Baseball magazinesBaseball websitesCompanies based in Durham, North CarolinaAmerican sports magazines
Nippon Professional Baseball
Nippon Professional Baseball or NPB is the highest level of baseball in Japan. Locally, it is often called Puro Yakyū, meaning Professional Baseball. Outside of Japan, it is often just referred to as "Japanese baseball. " The roots of the league can be traced back to the formation of the "Greater Japan Tokyo Baseball Club" in 1934 and the original Japanese Baseball League. NPB was formed when that league reorganized in 1950.
Nippon Professional BaseballHistory of baseball1950 establishments in JapanProfessional sports leaguesNippon Professional BaseballBaseball leagues in JapanSports leagues established in 1950
Major League Baseball Most Valuable Player Award
The Major League Baseball Most Valuable Player Award (MVP) is an annual Major League Baseball (MLB) award, given to one outstanding player in the American League and one in the National League. Since 1931, it has been awarded by the Baseball Writers Association of America (BBWAA).
Major League Baseball Most Valuable Player AwardAwards established in 1931Major League Baseball trophies and awardsMost Valuable Player awards
In baseball statistics, an error is the act, in the judgment of the official scorer, of a fielder misplaying a ball in a manner that allows a batter or baserunner to reach one or more additional bases, when such an advance would have been prevented given ordinary effort by the fielder. The term error can also refer to the play in which an error was committed.
Error (baseball)Baseball terminologyFielding statistics
Retirement is the point where a person stops employment completely. A person may also semi-retire by reducing work hours. Many people choose to retire when they are eligible for private or public pension benefits, although some are forced to retire when physical conditions no longer allow the person to work any more (by illness or accident) or as a result of legislation concerning their position.
RetirementRetirementTermination of employmentAging
Southern League (baseball)
The Southern League is a minor league baseball league which operates in the Southern United States. It is classified a Double-A league. The original league was formed in 1885, and shut down in 1899. A new league, the Southern Association, was formed in 1900, consisting of twelve teams. The Association shut down after the 1961 campaign.
Southern League (baseball)Minor baseball leagues in the United StatesSouthern League (baseball)
Negro league baseball
Part of the History of baseball in the United States series.
Negro league baseballHistory of baseballAfrican-American cultureAfrican American sports historyNegro league baseballDefunct baseball leagues
In baseball, the umpire is the person charged with officiating the game, including beginning and ending the game, enforcing the rules of the game and the grounds, making judgment calls on plays, and handling the disciplinary actions. The term is often shortened to the colloquial form ump. They are also sometimes addressed as blue at lower levels due to the common color of the uniform worn by umpires.
Umpire (baseball)Baseball occupationsSports officiatingBaseball umpires
College World Series
The College World Series or CWS is an annual baseball tournament held in Omaha, Nebraska that is the culmination of the NCAA Division I Baseball Championship, which determines the NCAA Division I college baseball champion. The eight teams are split into two, four-team, double-elimination brackets, with the winner of each bracket playing in the best-of-three championship series. The tournament takes place in June of each year.
College World SeriesNCAA championshipsRecurring sporting events established in 1947Organizations based in Omaha, NebraskaTourism in Omaha,NebraskaCollege World SeriesBaseball in NebraskaSports in Omaha, Nebraska
A perfect game is defined by Major League Baseball as a game in which a pitcher (or combination of pitchers) pitches a victory that lasts a minimum of nine innings and in which no opposing player reaches base. Thus, the pitcher (or pitchers) cannot allow any hits, walks, hit batsmen, or any opposing player to reach base safely for any other reason: in short, "27 up, 27 down". The feat has been achieved 23 times in the history of major league baseball—21 times since the modern era began in 1900.
Perfect gamePitching statisticsBaseball terminologyMajor League Baseball pitchers who have pitched a perfect gameMLB perfect games
The Mexican League (Spanish: Liga Mexicana de Béisbol) is a professional baseball league based in Mexico. It is currently a Class Triple-A league in organized Minor League Baseball, one step below Major League Baseball (MLB). Unlike the other two Triple-A circuits, the International League and the Pacific Coast League, Mexican League teams are not affiliated with Major League teams. The current champions are the Tigres de Quintana Roo.
Mexican LeagueMexican LeagueLatin American baseball leaguesBaseball leagues in MexicoOrganizations established in 1925Minor league baseball leagues
Grand slam (baseball)
In the sport of baseball, a grand slam is a home run hit with all three bases occupied by baserunners ("bases loaded"), thereby scoring four runs—the most possible in one play. According to The Dickson Baseball Dictionary, the term originated in the card game of contract bridge, in which a grand slam involves taking all the possible tricks.
Grand slam (baseball)Batting (baseball)Baseball terminology
Atlantic League of Professional Baseball
The Atlantic League of Professional Baseball is a professional, independent baseball organization located primarily in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern United States, especially the greater metropolitan areas of the Northeast megalopolis. It operates in cities not served by Major or Minor League Baseball teams and is not affiliated with either.
Atlantic League of Professional BaseballIndependent baseball leagues in the United States1998 establishments in the United StatesAtlantic LeagueSports leagues established in 1998
This article is about the minor league baseball franchise, for other teams named Buffalo Bisons see Buffalo Bisons (disambiguation). This article covers all modern incarnations but focuses on the Double-A team founded in 1979 and the Triple-A team that moved from Wichita, Kansas in 1984.
Buffalo BisonsSports in Buffalo, New YorkInternational League teamsDefunct Eastern League baseball teamsPhiladelphia Phillies minor league affiliatesCleveland Indians minor league affiliatesFormer American Association (20th century) teamsProfessional baseball teams in New YorkNew York Mets minor league affiliatesFormer Eastern League baseball teamsSports clubs established in 1979
National Association of Professional Base Ball Players
The National Association of Professional Base Ball Players (NAPBBP), or simply the National Association (NA), was founded in 1871 and continued through the 1875 season. It succeeded and incorporated several professional clubs from the National Association of Base Ball Players (NABBP); in turn several of its clubs created the succeeding National League, which essentially survives as professional baseball. The NA was the first professional baseball league.
National Association of Professional Base Ball Players1871 establishmentsNational Association of Professional Base Ball PlayersDefunct major baseball leagues in the United States1875 disestablishments
The Carolina League is a minor league baseball affiliation which operates in the South Atlantic Coast of the United States. Before 2002, it was classified as a "High A" league, indicating its status as a Class A league with the highest level of competition within that classification, and the fifth step between Rookie ball and the major leagues.
Carolina LeagueCarolina LeagueMinor baseball leagues in the United StatesBaseball leagues in North Carolina
In baseball, an earned run is any run for which the pitcher is held accountable (i.e. , the run scored as a result of normal pitching, and not due to a fielding error or a passed ball). Any runner(s) who tags his base and reaches home plate is scored against the pitcher as an earned run(s). An error made by the pitcher in fielding at his position is counted the same as an error by any other player.
Earned runPitching statisticsBaseball terminology
Win–loss record (pitching)
Win–loss record (pitching)
Rochester Red Wings
The Rochester Red Wings are a Triple-A team based in Rochester, New York. The team plays in the International League and are a minor league baseball affiliate of the Minnesota Twins major-league club. The Red Wings play in Frontier Field, located in downtown Rochester. The Red Wings were an affiliate of the St. Louis Cardinals for 32 years (1929–1960), then spent 42 years (1961–2002) as a farm club of the Baltimore Orioles before moving on to the Twins in 2003.
Rochester Red WingsInternational League teamsProfessional baseball teams in New YorkMinnesota Twins minor league affiliatesSports clubs established in 1899Rochester Red WingsSt. Louis Cardinals minor league affiliates
General manager (baseball)
In Major League Baseball, the general manager (GM) of a team typically controls player transactions and bears the primary responsibility on behalf of the ballclub during contract discussions with players. The general manager is also normally the person who hires and fires the coaching staff, including the field manager who acts as the head coach. In baseball, the term manager used without qualification almost always refers to the field manager, not the general manager.
General manager (baseball)Baseball occupationsBaseball executives
Korea Baseball Organization
The Korea Baseball Organization (KBO; Korean: 한국 야구 위원회) is the governing body for the professional leagues of baseball in South Korea. KBO should not be confused with the Korea Professional Baseball League. KBO was founded in 1981 and has been governing two leagues, Korea Professional Baseball (Korean: 한국 프로 야구) and Futures League since 1982.
Korea Baseball OrganizationKorea Baseball OrganizationOrganizations established in 1981Sports governing bodies in South KoreaBaseball governing bodies in Asia
Long Island University
Long Island University (LIU) is a private, coeducational, nonsectarian institution of higher education in the U.S. state of New York.
Long Island UniversityMiddle States Association of Colleges and SchoolsUniversities and colleges in Rockland County, New YorkLong Island UniversityUniversities and colleges in BrooklynNational Association of Independent Colleges and Universities membersUniversities and colleges on Long IslandUniversities and colleges in New York CityUniversities and colleges in New YorkEducational institutions established in 1926
Mickey Charles Mantle (October 20, 1931 – August 13, 1995) was an American baseball center fielder who played 18 seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the New York Yankees from 1951 to 1968. Mantle is regarded by many to be the greatest switch hitter of all time, and one of the greatest players in baseball history. Mantle was inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1974 and was elected to the Major League Baseball All-Century Team in 1999.
Mickey MantlePeople from Mayes County, OklahomaAmerican League Triple Crown winnersCancer deaths in TexasKansas City Blues (baseball) playersMajor League Baseball players with retired numbersIndependence Yankees playersJoplin Miners playersAlcohol-related deaths in TexasBaseball players from OklahomaMontreal Expos broadcastersGold Glove Award winnersAmerican League RBI championsNew York Yankees playersMajor League Baseball center fielders1995 deathsPeople from Dallas, TexasMajor League Baseball announcersDeaths from liver cancerNew York Yankees coachesAmerican ChristiansAmerican League batting championsAmerican League All-StarsSportspeople from OklahomaAmerican League home run championsOrgan transplant recipientsNational Baseball Hall of Fame inductees1931 births
Peter Edward Rose (born April 14, 1941), nicknamed "Charlie Hustle", is a former Major League Baseball player and manager. Rose played from 1963 to 1986, and managed from 1984 to 1989. Rose, a switch hitter, is the all-time Major League leader in hits (4,256), games played (3,562), at-bats (14,053) and outs (10,328).
Pete RoseMajor League Baseball Rookie of the Year Award winnersAmerican people of German descentMajor League Baseball second basemenNational League batting championsWWE Hall of FameMajor League Baseball player–managersMontreal Expos playersLiving peopleGambling addictsGold Glove Award winners1941 birthsMajor League Baseball controversiesGeneva Redlegs playersCincinnati Reds playersCincinnati Reds managersBaseball players from Cincinnati, OhioPhiladelphia Phillies playersMacon Peaches playersPew Fellows in the ArtsSports betting scandalsTampa Tarpons playersMajor League Baseball first basemenAmerican people convicted of tax crimesNational League All-StarsMajor League Baseball left fielders
A baseball park, also known as a baseball stadium, ball park, or ballpark is a venue where baseball is played. It consists of the playing field and the surrounding spectator seating. While the diamond and the areas denoted by white painted lines adhere to strict rules, guidelines for the rest of the field are flexible. The term "ballpark" sometimes refers either to the entire structure, or sometimes to just the playing field.
Baseball parkBaseball venuesSports venues
The Portland Beavers was the name of separate minor league baseball teams, which represented Portland, Oregon, in the Pacific Coast League (PCL). The team was established in 1903, the first year of the PCL. The most recent form of the Beavers exists presently as a Triple-A team representing the Padres of Tucson, Arizona.
Portland BeaversKansas City Athletics minor league affiliatesBrooklyn Dodgers minor league affiliatesPhiladelphia Phillies minor league affiliatesChicago Cubs minor league affiliatesCleveland Indians minor league affiliatesMinnesota Twins minor league affiliatesPittsburgh Pirates minor league affiliatesSan Diego Padres minor league affiliatesMilwaukee Brewers minor league affiliatesPortland Beavers
Toledo Mud Hens
The Toledo Mud Hens are a minor league baseball team located in Toledo, Ohio. The Mud Hens play in the International League, and are affiliated with the major league baseball team the Detroit Tigers, based approximately 50 miles to the north of Toledo. The current team is one of several professional clubs that have existed in Toledo since 1883. The name "Mud Hens" was first used in 1896, after the team was bought by Charles Strobel.
Toledo Mud HensInternational League teamsPhiladelphia Phillies minor league affiliatesSports in Toledo, OhioFormer American Association (20th century) teamsLucas County, OhioDetroit Tigers minor league affiliatesSports clubs established in 1897Toledo Mud Hens
1987 in film
1987 in filmYears in film1987 in film
2009 World Baseball Classic
The 2009 World Baseball Classic was an international baseball competition. It is the only international baseball tournament to feature a large number of players from the major leagues of North America and Asia. It began on March 5, 2009, and finished March 23, 2009. Japan emerged victorious for the second straight Classic, defeating rival South Korea 5-3 in 10 innings in the final. Daisuke Matsuzaka won his second World Baseball Classic MVP Award.
2009 World Baseball Classic2009 in baseball2009 World Baseball ClassicWorld Baseball Classic
A sports game is a video game that simulates the practice of traditional sports. Most sports have been recreated with a game, including team sports, athletics and extreme sports. Some games emphasize actually playing the sport (such as the Madden NFL series), whilst others emphasize strategy and organization. Some, such as Arch Rivals or Punch-Out!!, satirize the sport for comic effect.
Sports gameVideo game genresSports video games
A doubleheader is a set of two baseball games played between the same two teams on the same day in front of the same crowd. (The term originated in the railroad industry; see Double-heading. ) In addition, the term is often used unofficially to refer to a pair of games played by a team in a single day, but in front of different crowds and not in immediate succession.
Doubleheader (baseball)Sports televisionBaseball terminology
Hit by pitch
In baseball, hit by pitch (HBP), or hit batsman (HB), is a batter or his equipment (other than his bat) being hit in some part of his body by a pitch from the pitcher.
Hit by pitchBatting statisticsBaseball terminologyBaseball rulesBaseball pitchingPitching statistics
The Federal League of Base Ball Clubs, known simply as the Federal League, was an American professional baseball league that operated as a "third major league", in competition with the established National and American Leagues, from 1914 to 1915. It was the last serious attempt to create an independent major league outside the established structure of professional baseball, and the last competing third league of any kind to actually make it to the playing field.
Federal LeagueDefunct major baseball leagues in the United StatesFederal League
1994–95 Major League Baseball strike
1994–95 Major League Baseball strike
The Northwest League of Professional Baseball (or simply the Northwest League or NWL) is a Class A-Short Season minor baseball league. The league is the descendant of the Western International League which ran as a class B league from 1937-1951 (with time out for WWII) and class A from 1952-1954. The league changed its name and dropped back down to class B for the 1955 season.
Northwest LeagueMinor baseball leagues in the United States
Cornelius McGillicuddy, Sr. (December 22, 1862 – February 8, 1956), better known as Connie Mack, was an American professional baseball player, manager, and team owner. The longest-serving manager in Major League Baseball history, he holds records for wins (3,731), losses (3,948), and games managed (7,755), with his victory total being almost 1,000 more than any other manager.
Connie MackHartford Dark Blues (minor league) playersAmerican Roman CatholicsMack familyPhiladelphia Athletics managersPhiladelphia Athletics ownersMajor League Baseball managersHartford Babies players19th-century baseball playersMajor League Baseball general managers1956 deathsMajor League Baseball player–managersNewark Domestics playersMajor League Baseball catchersBaseball players from MassachusettsBuffalo Bisons (PL) playersWashington Nationals (1886–1889) playersPittsburgh Pirates managersMilwaukee Creams players1862 birthsAmerican people of Irish descentMajor League Baseball ownersPittsburgh Pirates playersMilwaukee Brewers (minor league) playersNational Baseball Hall of Fame inducteesMeriden (minor league baseball) playersPeople from Worcester County, Massachusetts
In sport, a utility player is one who can play several positions competently, a sort of jack of all trades. Sports in which the term is often used include football, baseball, rugby, rugby league, water polo softball and track. In cricket, the term all rounder is used instead, although this generally refers to a player who can both bat and bowl competently.
Utility playerTerminology used in multiple sportsBaseball positions
In baseball statistics, total chances (TC), also called chances offered, represents the number of plays in which a defensive player has participated. It is calculated as follows: Total Chances = assists + putouts + errors. Chances accepted refers to the total of putouts and assists only. Fielding percentage is calculated as chances accepted divided by total chances.
Total chancesFielding statistics
For the meat company, see Topps Meat Company. The Topps Company, Inc. , manufactures chewing gum, candy and collectibles. Based in New York, New York, Topps is best known as a leading producer of baseball cards, football cards, basketball cards, hockey cards and other sports and non-sports themed trading cards.
ToppsPrivate equity portfolio companiesConfectionery companies of the United StatesMadison Dearborn Partners companiesBaseball cardsTrading cardsCompanies established in 1938Manufacturing companies based in New YorkCompanies based in New York City
A baseball bat is a smooth wooden or metal club used in the game of baseball to hit the ball after the ball is thrown by the pitcher. It is no more than 2.75 inches in diameter at the thickest part and no more than 42 inches (1067 mm) in length. It typically weighs no more than 33 ounces (1 kg), but it can be different from player to player.
Baseball batBaseball equipmentBlunt weapons
2006 World Baseball Classic
The 2006 World Baseball Classic was the inaugural tournament between national baseball teams that included players from Major League Baseball. It was held from March 3 – March 20 in stadiums that are in and around Tokyo, Japan; San Juan, Puerto Rico; Lake Buena Vista, Florida; Phoenix, Arizona; Scottsdale, Arizona; Anaheim, California; and San Diego, California. Japan, led by Sadaharu Oh, became the first champions.
2006 World Baseball Classic2006 in baseball2006 World Baseball Classic2006 in American sportsWorld Baseball Classic
The Pacific League or Pa League is one of the two professional baseball leagues constituting Nippon Professional Baseball in Japan. The winner of the league championship competes against the winner in the Central League for the annual Japan Series. It currently consists of six teams from around Japan. The circuit was founded as the Taiheiyo Baseball Union in 1949 with seven teams, the name changing to its current form in 1980.
Pacific League1949 establishments in JapanNippon Professional BaseballRecurring sporting events established in 1949Annual events in JapanBaseball leagues in Japan
John Joseph McGraw (April 7, 1873 – February 25, 1934), nicknamed "Little Napoleon" and "Muggsy," was a Major League Baseball player and long-time manager of the New York Giants. He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1937. Much-lauded as a player, McGraw was one of the standard-bearers of dead-ball era major league baseball. Known for having fists as quick as his temper, McGraw used every advantage he could get as both a player and manager.
John McGrawAmerican Roman CatholicsSt. Bonaventure Bonnies baseball players1873 birthsCedar Rapids Canaries playersMajor League Baseball managersNew York Giants (NL) managers19th-century baseball playersMajor League Baseball player–managersSt. Louis Cardinals playersBaseball players from New York1934 deathsNew York Giants (NL) playersMajor League Baseball third basemenBaltimore Orioles (NL) playersAmerican people of Irish descentBaltimore Orioles (1901–1902) managersBaltimore Orioles (19th century) managersBaltimore Orioles (1901–1902) playersBaltimore Orioles (AA) playersNational Baseball Hall of Fame inducteesPeople from New Rochelle, New York
A pinch runner is a baseball player substituted for the specific purpose of replacing a player on base. The pinch runner may be faster or otherwise more skilled at base-running than the player for whom the pinch runner has been substituted. Occasionally a pinch runner is inserted for other reasons (such as a double switch), ejection, or if the original player on base has become injured (such as having been hit by a pitch).
Pinch runnerBaseball positionsBaseball terminology
Western League (defunct minor league)
The Western League is a name given to several circuits in American minor league baseball. Its earliest progenitor, which existed from 1885 to 1899, was the predecessor of the American League. During the 20th century, there were four incarnations of the Western League, including a Class D loop that played from 1939-41 and an independent loop (outside of "organized baseball") that began play in 1995.
Western League (defunct minor league)Defunct minor baseball leagues in the United States1925 establishments
Pioneer League (baseball)
The Pioneer League is a minor league baseball league which currently operates in the Rocky Mountain region of the United States. In the past, it also operated in adjoining portions of Canada. Classified as a Rookie league, the Pioneer League is predominantly made up of players out of high school and is almost exclusively the first professional league many players compete in. The Pioneer League is a short-season league operating from June to early September.
Pioneer League (baseball)Pioneer LeagueMinor baseball leagues in the United States
List of Major League Baseball players with 4,000 total bases
In baseball statistics, total bases refers to the number of bases a player has gained with hits, i.e. , the sum of his hits weighted by 1 for a single, 2 for a double, 3 for a triple and 4 for a home run. Only bases attained from hits count toward this total.
List of Major League Baseball players with 4,000 total basesMajor League Baseball statisticsMajor League Baseball lists
Chinese Professional Baseball League
The Chinese Professional Baseball League, or CPBL, is the top-tier professional baseball league in Taiwan. The league was established in 1989. CPBL eventually absorbed the competing Taiwan Major League in 2003. As of 2008, the CPBL has four teams with average attendance of approximately 3,000 per game.
Chinese Professional Baseball LeagueBaseball in TaiwanAsian baseball leaguesChinese Professional Baseball LeagueAsia Series
Major League Baseball Triple Crown
In Major League Baseball, a player earns the Triple Crown when he leads a league in three specific statistical categories. For batters, a player must lead the league in home runs, run batted in (RBI), and batting average; pitchers must lead the league in wins, strikeouts, and earned run average (ERA). Generally, the Triple Crown refers to leading a specific league such as the National League (NL) or the American League (AL) in these categories.
Major League Baseball Triple CrownMajor League Baseball trophies and awardsBaseball pitchingBatting (baseball)Baseball terminology
World Baseball Classic
The World Baseball Classic is an international baseball tournament sanctioned by the International Baseball Federation (IBAF) and created by Major League Baseball (MLB), the Major League Baseball Players Association (MLBPA), and other professional baseball leagues and their players associations around the world. It is the main tournament sanctioned by the IBAF, which names its winner the "World Champion.
World Baseball ClassicRecurring sporting events established in 2006World Baseball Classic
George William "Bill" James (born October 5, 1949, in Holton, Kansas) is a baseball writer, historian, and statistician whose work has been widely influential. Since 1977, James has written more than two dozen books devoted to baseball history and statistics.
Bill JamesBill JamesBaseball statisticiansLiving peopleAmerican statisticiansAmerican sportswritersPeople from Jackson County, KansasAmerican people of Irish descent1949 births
Amateur sports are sports in which participants engage largely or entirely without remuneration. Sporting amateurism was a zealously guarded ideal in the 19th century, especially among the upper classes, but faced steady erosion throughout the 20th century with the continuing growth of pro sports and monetisation of amateur and collegiate sports, and is now strictly held as an ideal by fewer and fewer organisations governing sports, even as they maintain the word "amateur" in their titles.
Amateur sportsAmateur sportSports culture
A baseball field, also called a ball field or a baseball diamond, is the field upon which the game of baseball is played. The terms "baseball field" and "ball field" are also often used as synonyms for ballpark.
Baseball fieldBaseball fieldBaseball rulesSports rules and regulationsBaseball venues
Little League World Series
The Little League Baseball World Series is a baseball tournament for children aged 11 to 13 years old. It was originally called the National Little League Tournament and was later renamed for the World Series in Major League Baseball. It was first held in 1947 and is held every August in South Williamsport, Pennsylvania, in the United States. Initially, only teams from the US competed in the "World Series" but it has since become a worldwide tournament.
Little League World SeriesBaseball in Pennsylvania1947 in baseballVisitor attractions in Lycoming County, PennsylvaniaRecurring sporting events established in 1947Little League World SeriesInternational baseballBaseball in Williamsport, PennsylvaniaBaseball playoffs and champions
Golden Baseball League
The Golden Baseball League, based in San Ramon, California, was an independent baseball league. It later merged with the Northern League and the United Baseball League to form the North American League in the western United States, western Canada and Mexico. The GBL was not affiliated with Major League Baseball or the organized Minor League Baseball system, but has featured players with MLB experience. It was formed in 2004 and began play on May 26, 2005.
Golden Baseball League2010 disestablishmentsBaseball leagues in CanadaGolden Baseball League2004 establishmentsDefunct independent baseball leagues in the United StatesProfessional sports leagues in the United States
List of Major League Baseball leaders in games finished
In baseball statistics, a relief pitcher is credited with a game finished (denoted by GF) if he is the last pitcher to pitch for his team in a game. A starting pitcher is not credited with a GF for pitching a complete game. Mariano Rivera is the all-time and current active leader.
List of Major League Baseball leaders in games finishedMajor League Baseball statisticsMajor League Baseball lists
The Cleveland Spiders were a Major League Baseball team which played between 1887 and 1899 in Cleveland, Ohio. The team played at National League Park from 1889 to 1890 and at League Park from 1891 to 1899.
Cleveland SpidersDefunct American Association (19th century) baseball teamsSports clubs established in 1887Sports clubs disestablished in 1899Defunct Major League Baseball teamsCleveland Spiders
The Durham Bulls are a Triple-A minor league baseball team that currently plays in the International League. The Bulls play their home games at Durham Bulls Athletic Park located in the downtown area of Durham, North Carolina. Durham Bulls Athletic Park is often called the "DBAP" or "D-Bap". The Bulls are the Triple-A affiliate of the Tampa Bay Rays.
Durham BullsFormer Carolina League teamsInternational League teamsSports in Durham, North CarolinaProfessional baseball teams in North CarolinaTampa Bay Rays minor league affiliatesSports clubs established in 1902
South Korea national baseball team
The Korea national baseball team (Korean: 대한민국 야구 국가대표팀), nicknamed "Blue Bogy", is the national baseball team of the Republic of Korea (South Korea). It has participated in the Summer Olympic Games in 1984, 1988, 1996 and 2000. At the 2008 Summer Olympics, it won the gold medal in a final victory against Cuba. They are currently ranked third in the world, behind Cuba and the United States.
South Korea national baseball teamNational baseball teamsNational sports teams of South KoreaSouth Korea national baseball teamWorld Baseball Classic
United States national baseball team
The United States National Baseball team represents the United States in international baseball competition. The United States has won the previous two Baseball World Cups, having lost this title to the Netherlands in 2011, and is currently second in the IBAF World Rankings, behind Cuba. The team is controlled by USA Baseball.
United States national baseball teamNational baseball teamsNational sports teams of the United StatesUnited States national baseball team
George Thomas "Tom" Seaver (born November 17, 1944), nicknamed "Tom Terrific" and "The Franchise", is a former Major League Baseball pitcher. He pitched from 1967-1986 for four different teams in his career, but is noted primarily for his time with the New York Mets. During a 20-year career, Seaver compiled 311 wins, 3,640 strikeouts, 61 shutouts and a 2.86 earned run average.
Tom SeaverMajor League Baseball Rookie of the Year Award winnersBoston Red Sox playersBaseball players from CaliforniaPeople from Napa County, California1944 birthsNew York Mets playersUSC Trojans baseball playersPeople from Fresno, CaliforniaMajor League Baseball players with retired numbersNew York Yankees broadcastersLiving peopleJacksonville Suns playersMajor League Baseball pitchersNational League strikeout championsCincinnati Reds playersNew York Mets broadcastersNational League ERA championsNational League wins championsUniversity of Southern California alumniCy Young Award winnersNational League All-StarsChicago White Sox playersNational Baseball Hall of Fame inductees
In baseball, a sacrifice fly is a batted ball that satisfies four criteria: There are fewer than two outs when the ball is hit. The ball is hit to the outfield, or infield foul territory. The batter is put out because an outfielder (or an infielder running in the outfield, or foul territory) catches the ball on the fly (or the batter would have been out if not for an error). A runner who is already on base scores on the play.
Sacrifice flyBaseball playsBatting (baseball)
The Orix Buffaloes are a Nippon Professional Baseball team based in Osaka and Kobe, Japan. They play in the Pacific League. The team is owned by the Orix Group, a leading diversified financial services company based in Tokyo. The team was formed after the 2004 NPB season by the merger of the Orix BlueWave and the Osaka Kintetsu Buffaloes.
Orix BuffaloesBaseball teams in JapanSports clubs established in 1936Orix Buffaloes
Northern League (baseball, 1993–2010)
Northern League (baseball, 1993–2010)
The Wisconsin Badgers are the collegiate athletic teams from the University of Wisconsin–Madison. This NCAA Division I athletic program has teams in football, basketball, ice hockey, volleyball, soccer, cross country, tennis, swimming, wrestling, track and field, rowing, golf, and softball. The Badgers have several major on-campus facilities, including Camp Randall Stadium, the UW Field House, and the Kohl Center.
Wisconsin BadgersCollege sports teams in the United States by teamWisconsin BadgersCollege sports in Wisconsin
Major League Baseball Players Association
The Major League Baseball Players Association (or MLBPA) is the union of professional major-league baseball players.
Major League Baseball Players AssociationSports trade unions of the United StatesMajor League Baseball labor relationsBaseball organizationsOrganizations established in 1965
Walter Perry Johnson (November 6, 1887 – December 10, 1946), nicknamed "Barney" and "The Big Train", was a Major League Baseball right-handed pitcher. He played his entire 21-year baseball career for the Washington Senators (1907–1927). He would later serve as manager of the Senators from 1929 through 1932 and for the Cleveland Indians from 1933 through 1935.
Walter JohnsonPeople from Humboldt, KansasWashington Senators (1901–1960) broadcastersMajor League Baseball managersMaryland RepublicansWashington Senators (1901–1960) playersCancer deaths in Washington, D.C.Baseball players from KansasAmerican League Pitching Triple Crown winnersMajor League Baseball pitchersWashington Senators (1901–1960) managers1946 deaths1887 birthsNewark Bears (IL) playersAmerican League wins championsDeaths from brain cancerPeople from Orange County, CaliforniaAmerican League strikeout championsMinor league baseball managersNational Baseball Hall of Fame inducteesAmerican athlete–politiciansCleveland Indians managersAmerican League ERA champions
Independent league baseball
Independent baseball leagues are professional baseball organizations located in the United States and Canada. They are not operated in conjunction with either a Major League Baseball team or an affiliated minor league team. Being independent allows teams to be located close to major-league teams without their consent. They have been around for many years and were once known as "outlaw leagues" due to their position outside the rules of affiliated minor league baseball.
Independent league baseballBaseball genresIndependent league baseball
A baseball card is a type of trading card relating to baseball, usually printed on some type of paper stock or card stock. A card will usually feature one or more baseball players or other baseball-related sports figures. Cards are most often found in the US but are also common in countries such as Canada, Cuba, and Japan, where professional leagues are present with a substantial fan base to support them.
Baseball cardBaseball cultureEphemeraBaseball cardsTrading cards
The Frontier League, based in Sauget, Illinois, is a professional, independent baseball organization located in the Midwestern United States, Western Pennsylvania, and Southern Ontario. It operates mostly in cities not served by Major or Minor League Baseball teams and is not affiliated with either. Though not part of the official minor league system, its level of play is considered to be comparable to low A-level.
Frontier LeagueBaseball leagues in MichiganBaseball leagues in IndianaOrganizations established in 1993Baseball leagues in IllinoisIndependent baseball leagues in the United StatesFrontier League1993 establishments in the United States
The Veterans Committee is the popular name of the National Baseball Hall of Fame Committee to Consider Managers, Umpires, Executives and Long-Retired Players, a committee of the U.S. Baseball Hall of Fame that provides an opportunity for Hall of Fame election to all individuals who are eligible for induction but ineligible for consideration by the Baseball Writers Association of America.
Veterans CommitteeNational Baseball Hall of FameCommittees
In baseball, the strike zone is a conceptual right pentagonal prism over home plate which defines the boundaries through which a pitch must pass in order to count as a strike when the batter does not swing.
Strike zoneBaseball pitchingBaseball rulesBatting (baseball)Baseball terminology
Western League (original)
The Western League of Professional Baseball Clubs, simply called the Western League, was a minor league baseball league originally founded on February 11, 1885, and focused in the Midwest. After several failures and reorganizations, the most notable version of the league was organized by Ban Johnson on November 20, 1893. In 1900, the league was renamed the American League, and declared major league status in 1901.
Western League (original)Defunct independent baseball leagues in the United StatesOrganizations disestablished in 1901Organizations established in 1885
List of NCAA Division I baseball programs
The following is a list of schools that participate in NCAA Division I baseball, according to NCAA. com. These teams compete to go to Omaha, Nebraska, and TD Ameritrade Park for the College World Series.
List of NCAA Division I baseball programsNCAA Division I baseballNCAA listsBaseball listsCollege baseball in the United States lists
In baseball, a wild pitch (abbreviated WP) is charged against a pitcher when his pitch is too high, too short, or too wide of home plate for the catcher to control with ordinary effort, thereby allowing a baserunner, perhaps even the batter-runner on strike three or ball four, to advance. A wild pitch usually passes the catcher behind home plate, often allowing runners on base an easy chance to advance while the catcher chases the ball down.
Wild pitchPitching statisticsBaseball terminology
Major League Baseball on NBC
Major League Baseball on NBC is the de facto name for a weekly presentation of Major League Baseball games televised on the NBC television network from 1947 to 1989, and from 1994 to 2000. There have been several variations of the program dating back to the 1940s, including The NBC Game of the Week and Baseball Night in America.
Major League Baseball on NBCNBC Radio Network programs1950s American television series1970s American television seriesNBC network shows1970s American radio programs1990s American television series1994 American television series debutsMajor League Baseball on the radioMajor League Baseball on television1989 television series endingsNBC Sports1960s American radio programs1960s American television series1940s American television series1947 television series debuts2000s American television series1950s American radio programs2000 American television series endings1980s American television series
Ryan James Howard (born November 19, 1979) is an American Major League Baseball first baseman for the Philadelphia Phillies. Nicknamed "The Big Piece", Howard stands 6 feet 4 inches (193 cm) and weighs 240 pounds (110 kg). He bats and throws left-handed. Howard was the 2006 National League MVP. Howard is the fastest player to reach both the 100 and 200 home run milestones in Major League Baseball history, passing the marks in 2007 and 2009, respectively.
Ryan HowardMajor League Baseball Rookie of the Year Award winnersNational League Most Valuable Player Award winnersNational League Championship Series MVPsAll-Star Futures Game playersBatavia Muckdogs playersLiving people1979 birthsLakewood BlueClaws playersSportspeople from St. Louis, MissouriAfrican American baseball playersPhiladelphia Phillies playersScranton/Wilkes-Barre Red Barons playersReading Phillies playersNational League RBI championsBaseball players from MissouriMajor League Baseball first basemenNational League home run championsNational League All-StarsClearwater Phillies players
2004 World Series
The 2004 World Series was the Major League Baseball (MLB) championship series for the 2004 season. It was the 100th World Series and featured the American League (AL) champions, the Boston Red Sox, against the National League (NL) champions, the St. Louis Cardinals. The Red Sox defeated the Cardinals four games to none in the best-of-seven series, played at Fenway Park and Busch Memorial Stadium.
2004 World Series2004 Major League Baseball seasonBoston Red Sox postseasonWorld SeriesSt. Louis Cardinals postseason
The Yankees Entertainment and Sports (YES) Network is a New York City-based, regional cable television channel; it broadcasts a variety of sports events, with an emphasis on New York Yankees baseball games, and Brooklyn Nets basketball games. YES made its debut on March 19, 2002.
YES NetworkPrivate equity portfolio companiesNew York Yankees broadcastersTelevision stations in New JerseyTelevision stations in New YorkNew York Giants broadcastersYES NetworkSports television networks in the United StatesBrooklyn Nets broadcastersTelevision stations in ConnecticutProvidence Equity Partners companiesTelevision channels and stations established in 2002